Previous studies have shown that psychological testing can lead us to more information about individual characteristics through collecting, integrating, and interpreting information about a person. Along with psychological tests, psychiatrists and other health care professionals can gain important information through records, interview with the person and family members, and behavioral observations. Psychological testing can assist health care organizations in diagnosing a person properly as well as identifying the most appropriate courses of treatment for a person.
- Clinical Interviews – Considered the “core component” of psychological testing, clinical interviews are conducted most often by psychologists, psychiatrists, clinical social workers, psychiatric nurses, and others. There are two types of interviews: an intake interview and a mental exam. Intake interviews help to get an understanding for why a person needs treatment and their history. Mental exams involve the interviewer paying close attention to a person’s behavior, appearance, attitude, and movements to get a sense of their mental health.
- Assessment of Intellectual Functioning (IQ) – On the Scientific American, psychologist W. Joel Schneider explains that IQ tests measure a person’s ability to learn by how much they have learned in the past. They assess visual-spatial processing, auditory processing, short-term memory, and processing speed.
- Personality Assessment: – Since personality is so complex, this assessment helps professionals understand a combination of factors that have developed over one’s life. 16 personality traits are tested for a person’s disorder, and projective tests show images that a person is supposed to describe what they see.
- Behavioral Assessment – A professional may want to conduct this form of assessment, which involves watching a person in their natural state to understand how their brain works. This could be done at school, work, home, or at a hospital. The healthcare professional will identify negative and positive behaviors, and can then move forward with the patient from there to work on key concerns.
Psychological testing is a great tool for psychologists and other healthcare professionals to learn more about a person in order to provide them with the best treatment possible.
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