Amphetamines are synthetic, addictive, mood-altering drugs often prescribed to treat children with attention-deficit disorder (ADD) or adults with narcolepsy. They may also be used illegally as a recreational drug, serving as a stimulant to the central nervous system and yielding common symptoms such as agitation, anxiety, bladder pain, issues concerning urination, nervousness, sense of detachment from oneself, and more. While many people enjoy the boost of energy this drug provides, they are often unaware of its dangerousness regarding side effects and abuse.
A 2017 study titled “Amphetamines: Potent Recreational Drug of Abuse” conducted by researchers from Bangladesh and Korea assessed the many effects that amphetamine use can cause to the body. They found that at therapeutic, prescribed doses, effects may involve euphoria, a change in sexual libido, increased wakefulness, improved cognitive control, and more. When overused, the researchers found amphetamines to be highly addictive, at times causing adverse health effects such as aggression, headaches, insomnia, increased breathing rate, increased blood pressure, dilated pupils, and more. Even higher doses were found to give users hallucinations, paranoia, psychosis, and potentially life-threatening conditions such as stroke, kidney failure, convulsions, and more.
Amphetamines affect the brain by signaling both excitatory transmitters (those that stimulate the brain) and inhibitory transmitters (those that calm the brain). Three neurotransmitters are also affecting: dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline. Amphetamines cause an influx of dopamine to be release in the brain, making it easier for the brain to get hooked on pleasurable feelings. Amphetamines affect serotonin by signaling the brain to decrease anxiety and improve one’s mood. Lastly, amphetamines boost production of noradrenaline, which is responsible for boosting the body’s energy and alertness. If too much of this drug is taken and for extended periods of time, structural changes to the brain may occur, leading someone to addiction.
If you’ve been struggling with amphetamine addiction, seek help from a reputable treatment center today. Recovery is possible, but you cannot begin your journey to recovery without seeking help and taking the necessary steps first.
Simple Recovery is a world-renowned, California state-licensed substance abuse recovery center. We offer dual diagnosis treatment, so if you are experiencing both substance abuse and symptoms of a mental disorder, call us today at 888-743-0490 so that we can work with you to restore your happiness, health, and well-being. You do not have to continue living this way; there are many people here ready to help you.